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MARIO’S INSPIRING FITNESS JOURNEY

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On a bleak night in 2010, Mario was finally motivated to change his life. In a two week span he had woken up on three separate occasions to heart attack symptoms. The last woke him at 3 A.M., his heart pounding like heavy metal drums,sweating profusely, body shaking, and his left arm was numb.

His first thought was “I’m gonna die.”. He didn’t call for help, because in a way he felt that if this was coming, it was well deserved. He prayed and asked God to give him another chance. He swore he would make it right. The last thing he remembered thinking before passing out was that this was not how he wanted to be remembered.
Many years of self-inflicted abuse lead to this point in Mario’s life. He was a big guy, at a height of 6′ 3”, and at his peak, he weighed 460lbs. His smoking habits consisted of two packs of Newports daily. He went out partying multiple times a week and consumed large amounts of alcohol. Mario ate anything and everything with no regard for his health. He knew it wasn’t a smart way to live but Mario didn’t have the right motivation to change… Until that faithful night in 2010.

After that nights events Mario woke up in an odd position in the bed. At first he was confused and then he became really angry. This day would change his life forever. Mario made a promise to God and himself that this would never happen again. That next week he changed everything. Mario quit smoking cold turkey, started eating healthier, and started walking on a treadmill twice a day. Of course it was the only thing he could do being that heavy. Mario didn’t care. It was a start. It didn’t matter how long it would take. He was going to take his life back.

Several years later when Mario was down 185 lbs he booked a trip to Philadelphia. He wanted to run up and down the stairs from the movie Rocky which had greatly inspired him. Mario had visualized doing it so many times in his mind. He promised that once a certain weight was reached he’d do it for real. In the beginning of 2013 he did just that. When Mario finally got to run up those stairs it was one of the greatest moments of his life. In those moments Mario had thought he could do anything.

2013 was a year of real accomplishment for Mario. At the end of the year he reached his long time goal of losing 200 lbs. When he saw the number on the scale it brought him to tears. It was like no accomplishment he’d ever reached. It seemed so crazy and unattainable but he was making it happen. Since then Mario has dropped another 20 lbs.

It doesn’t end there because in 2014 one of Mario’s followers shared his story with CNN Report. This subsequently lead to Mario being interviewed by CNN.com The article can be found here. http://www.cnn.com/2014/02/10/health/weight-loss-mario-colao-irpt/
After the interview Mario gained more following especially on Facebook and more traffic to his blog site. He started getting emails from people that said they were inspired by his story. It made him realize how important his journey really was. This in turn inspired him to write a book titled “I’ve said it all before” which was released in October of 2014.

What’s Mario secret? Mentality. He continually finds new ways to motivate himself. It can be books videos,and interacting with other on similar journeys. The biggest tip he gives is “ Don’t bullshit yourself”. Do what what works for you. Use what motivates you. In Mario’s words “If Rocky mtoivates you. USE IT. If fucking bunny rabbits motivate you, paste pictures of them to the treadmill. The journey is always, ALWAYS about you”. The one thing Mario said he can’t stress enough is this: “When you have a dream, and you work your ass off to make it happen, and then it does. No feeling can come close”.

What can you glean from Mario? You are capable of much more than you think. Even if it seems impossible. It is not. Take it day by day. Stay motivated any way you can. Work your ass off and the “impossible” becomes possible. If Mario can do it so can you.

A Big Thank you to Mario Colao for sharing his story with us.

You can get Mario’s book through Amazon here:
http://www.amazon.com/Ive-Said-Before-Mario-Colao/dp/0990927202/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1420495044&sr=8-1&keywords=mario+colao

You can follow Mario’s journey through his blog here:
http://saiditallbefore.weebly.com/

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MUSCLE MEMORY: FACT OR FICTION?

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The human body is an incredible “machine”. It will get rid of anything it doesn’t need in a minuscule amount of time and muscle is no exception. If you don’t work out for a couple of months and happen to lose 6 pounds of muscle, then start training again it will come back in a shorter amount of time than it took when your first started. This theory has been controversial in the past, but we are now starting to discover why this phenomenon occurs.

This function most likely has a significant amount to do with myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms which are a type of contractile protein in muscle fiber. They determine whether muscle fibers function as fast or slow twitch. Certain MHCs are known to change in response to resistance training.

There are several types of MHC that we’re concerned with. Fibers that contain MHC IIX are an undetermined type of fiber until they’re used. Once in action they become MHC IIAs. Muscle fibers that contain MHC IIX proteins serve as a source for creating MHC IIA fibers, but can also generate more fibers containing MHC IIX which eases muscle redevelopment.

A study was conducted with adult sedentary men that analyzed distribution of MHC isoforms, fiber type composition, and fiber size of the vastus lateralis (section of the quadricep) before and after three months of training, and again after three months of detraining. After three months of training, their MHC IIX content went from 9% to 2% and a corresponding increase of MHC IIA content from 42% to 49%. After the 3 months of detraining the MHC IIX content reached 17% which is higher than both before and during training. Hypertrophy was observed after the three months after training and remained higher than baseline even after 3 months of detraining.

This would indicate that detraining following heavy load resistance training seems to stimulate an increase in the amount of MHC IIX to values far higher than those observed before resistance training. Based on the evidence that has been observed it would appear that muscle memory is indeed a real phenomenon at least in the short term.

References

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10883005

http://thinkmuscle.com/training/muscle-memory-mystery/

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Expectations for Natural Muscle Gain

NATmusclegain

One of the most common questions I hear is something along the lines of “How long until I start seeing results?”.
The short and simple answer is: it depends… Of course, we can dive a bit deeper into it.

I’m sure that most people have heard exaggerations from other bodybuilders about how they gained 30 pounds of muscle in only three months. Lots of muscle magazines give beginners unrealistic expectations about muscle gain. They show professional bodybuilders claiming that the product they’re endorsing will make you as big as them. In reality, the only way you’ll look as big as this guy is by taking steroids.

Natural muscle gain can be predicted by six primary factors which include how long you’ve been training, your hormone levels, your genetics, previous muscle memory, nutrition, and sleep.

 

Genetics

Testosterone is one of the key hormones in muscle development. Men generally have between 7 and 8 times the amount of testosterone that females have [ref] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14981046 [/ref]. This causes males to typically have a greater rate of muscle gain and higher potential for total muscle mass. Within the sexes, individuals can have vastly different rates of muscle growth and genetic potentials (the maximum amount of muscle an individuals genetics will allow). Those with an average genetic potential will usually have fairly steady growth over time with proper nutrition and training. About two thirds of people will fall into this “average” category of muscle growth, while the other third will fall either above or below it. This means that some people will grow slower and may not be able to put on as much total muscle mass as others with the same nutrition and training. On the flip side of the coin, some people can build muscle fast with very little effort.

An investigation done by the BBC showed that some people simply can’t become overweight, despite a sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits. The subjects spent a month overeating and exerting themselves as little as possible. Each subject gained weight, but one person’s metabolism actually increased in order to cope with the excess calories and about half of the weight he gained was muscle! It sounds ridiculous, but it is possible, albeit very rare. [ref]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MHQshbJATVQ [/ref]

It doesn’t work for everyone… Sometimes life just isn’t fair.

guyoncouch

 

Amount of time training

Typically if you’ve been working out for years you won’t gain muscle as fast a beginner will. The longer you train, the closer you get to your genetic potential which results in natural growth slowing down and eventually stopping. You individual frame is genetically predetermined to hold a certain amount of muscle weight.

 

Hormones

Your hormone levels can vary if your training regimen does not elicit a large enough testosterone response. This is usually caused by errors such as not lifting enough weight or an insufficient range of motion. The amount of testosterone you produce will also depend greatly on genetics and gender.

 

Previous Muscle Memory

The human body is an incredible machine. It will get rid of anything it doesn’t need in a small amount of time which includes muscle. If you don’t work out for a couple of months and happen to lose 6 pounds of muscle, then start training again it will come back in a shorter amount of time than it took when your first started. This theory has been controversial in the past, but we are now starting to discover why this phenomenon occurs.

This function most likely has a significant amount to do with myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms which are a type of contractile protein in muscle fiber. They determine whether muscle fibers function as fast or slow twitch. Certain MHCs are known to change in response to resistance training.

There are several types of MHC that we’re concerned with. Fibers that contain MHC IIX are an undetermined type of fiber until they’re used. Once in action they become MHC IIAs. Muscle fibers that contain MHC IIX proteins serve as a source for creating MHC IIA fibers, but can also generate more fibers containing MHC IIX which eases muscle redevelopment.

A study was conducted with adult sedentary men that analyzed distribution of MHC isoforms, fiber type composition, and fiber size of the vastus lateralis (section of the quadricep) before and after three months of training, and again after three months of detraining. After three months of training, their MHC IIX content went from 9% to 2% and a corresponding increase of MHC IIA content from 42% to 49%. After the 3 months of detraining the MHC IIX content reached 17% which is higher than both before and during training. Hypertrophy was observed after the three months after training and remained higher than baseline even after 3 months of detraining. [ref] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10883005 [/ref]

This means that there are seemingly more fibers available for growth after detraining than before you originally started training. This could explain part of the phenomenon known as muscle memory.

 

Nutrition 

This is one of the most important factors in bodybuilding that you can control. Macro nutrients (carbohydrates, fat and protein) are the primary nutrients your muscles need for growth. Individuals who are active will require the same nutrients, vitamins, and minerals as those that are sedentary, but in greater amounts.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the primary fuel source for building muscle. When you eat foods like fruits, vegetables and grain it is broken down in the digestive tract and stored as glycogen in muscles. If carbohydrates aren’t present you will not be able to realize the maximum benefits of training. Failing to consume enough carbohydrates post workout can lead to muscle detraining or loss of muscle strength.

Protein

Muscle tissue is composed of proteins, and protein intake must be adequate for muscles to grow. It’s generally recommended that athletes and bodybuilders consume around 1 gram of protein per pound of body weight daily. However I’ve seen recommendations of as much as 2 grams per pound for endurance athletes. Protein is a must, because it’s one of the major building blocks for muscle gain. It is generally recommended that you consume easily digestible carbs and protein before or during a workout and after a workout as well.

Fats

Fats are just as important as proteins and carbohydrates because they are essential for normal bodily functions. Fat is used to lubricate joints, line the insides of cells, heal scarring inside the body, and regulate hormone levels. Keeping hormone levels stable is an especially important function when trying to put on muscle. Of course, having the rest of the body running optimally will ensure better response to muscle stimulation

Hydration

This one is a given. It’s always important to stay hydrated. Drink water before, during, and after training. Dehydration can compromise muscle growth, strength, stamina, speed, and energy. Most cramps during activity can be avoided with proper hydration. The body in general will not function properly without adequate hydration, making it the most important part of nutrition.

Vitamins and Minerals

It is important to note that the food you eat while trying to gain muscle should be dense in nutrients. A variety of vitamins and nutrients essential to proper bodily functions can be found in fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts, meats, dairy, eggs, and some grains. Foods eaten in their raw form produce complicated chemical reactions in the body that are extremely beneficial, more so than any stand alone vitamin or supplement in pill form.

 

Sleep

Sleep is one of the easiest ways to ensure maximum muscle growth. During this time your body restores your organs, bones, tissues, replenishes your immune cells, and circulates human growth hormone. Always try to avoid alcohol and sleeping pills as these will disturb your sleep cycle. Proper sleeping conditions are also important and usually consist of a dark quiet place where you can rest comfortably.

 

Conclusion

Assuming your nutrition and training regimen are good, these numbers can give a rough estimate for adults who have stopped growing (growth spurts skew the data).

Men

  • 0-2 years of training: 1.5 lbs of muscle per month
  • 2-4 years of training: 0.5 lbs of muscle per month
  • 4+ years of training: 0.25 lbs of muscle per month

Women

  • 1-6 months of training: 0.75-1 lbs of muscle per month
  • 6-12 months of training:  0.5 lbs of muscle per month
  • 1-2 years of training: 0.3-0.4 lbs of muscle per month
  • 4+ years of training:  0.1- 0.2 lbs of muscle per month

 

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The Six Meal Myth and Nutrient Timing

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When many of us first start out bodybuilding and changing our lifestyle we are subject to a myriad of sources making endless claims and it can be hard to know what to believe. One claim I hear all the time is that eating six meals a day keeps your blood sugar levels more stable and makes the metabolism faster. There are so many people saying it so it must be true. Right?

Wrong… I’ll tell you why.

The myth has been propagated for quite some time without any evidence to back it up. In fact, numerous studies have shown that it doesn’t matter how many meals you eat during the day. In one case, subjects ate all their calories in three meals and then ate the same number of calories in six meals with no effect. Most other studies revealed similar results.

At this point the data suggests that this myth is likely false, so you can stop worrying about having to get in those six meals.

Nutrient Timing

Nutrient timing isn’t important for people who exercise casually. People that are just weight lifters or want to get in shape don’t have to pay much attention to it because they’re probably not looking to maximize performance and/or muscle gain. Nutrient Timing is the idea that ingesting nutrients (protein and carbs) post or during the workout and after will increase both performance and muscle gains.

Energy Phase

During the energy phase (while working out) energy demands are at their highest. Energy is used by the skeletal muscle or ATP. ATP is produced from macronutrients like protein, carbohydrates, and fats so they indirectly contribute to muscle contraction. The high rates of energy demand are met by ingested and stored nutrients. This breakdown is catabolic by definition, but the workout period is marked by both anabolic and catabolic effects. The nutrient intake can shift the anabolic/catabolic balance during exercise, enhancing the anabolic effects while minimizing the catabolic effects. A protein and carbohydrate drink ingested immediately before or during exercise can increase skeletal muscle blood flow and enrich the blood with glucose and amino acids, reducing glycogen depletion. It also is important to note that the carbs and protein should be taken in the form of a liquid, and you must drink an adequate amount of water in order to stave off dehydration.

Anabolic Phase

The anabolic phase takes place immediately after a workout and lasts about an hour, during which the cells are ready for muscle building. Even though this phase is typically anabolic, it can remain catabolic if there is a lack of nutrients. Without proper nutrition, the period immediately after strength or endurance training is marked by muscle catabolism – the continuing breakdown of muscle. Typically muscle breaks down and then starts to build back up later in the recovery cycle, but new studies have come out showing that supplementing with protein and carbohydrates shortly after exercise can result in additional muscle growth and quality.

It is important to note that the quantities of carbohydrates and protein to be ingested will vary depending on several factors including weight, body fat percentage, exercise intensity and exercise duration

 

Thanks for reading